Client Connection Strategy

Hazelcast Python client can be configured to connect to a cluster in an async manner during the client start and reconnecting after a cluster disconnect. Both of these options are configured via arguments below.

You can configure the client’s starting mode as async or sync using the configuration element async_start. When it is set to True (async), the behavior of hazelcast.HazelcastClient() call changes. It returns a client instance without waiting to establish a cluster connection. In this case, the client rejects any network dependent operation with ClientOfflineError immediately until it connects to the cluster. If it is False, the call is not returned and the client is not created until a connection with the cluster is established. Its default value is False (sync).

You can also configure how the client reconnects to the cluster after a disconnection. This is configured using the configuration element reconnect_mode; it has three options:

  • OFF: Client rejects to reconnect to the cluster and triggers the shutdown process.

  • ON: Client opens a connection to the cluster in a blocking manner by not resolving any of the waiting invocations.

  • ASYNC: Client opens a connection to the cluster in a non-blocking manner by resolving all the waiting invocations with ClientOfflineError.

Its default value is ON.

The example configuration below show how to configure a Python client’s starting and reconnecting modes.

from hazelcast.config import ReconnectMode

client = hazelcast.HazelcastClient(
    # You can also set this to "ON"
    # without importing anything.

Configuring Client Connection Retry

The client searches for new connections when it is trying to connect to the cluster. Both the frequency of connection attempts and the client shutdown behavior can be configured using the arguments below.

client = hazelcast.HazelcastClient(

The following are configuration element descriptions:

  • retry_initial_backoff: Specifies how long to wait (backoff), in seconds, after the first failure before retrying. Its default value is 1. It must be non-negative.

  • retry_max_backoff: Specifies the upper limit for the backoff in seconds. Its default value is 30. It must be non-negative.

  • retry_multiplier: Factor to multiply the backoff after a failed retry. Its default value is 1.05. It must be greater than or equal to 1.

  • retry_jitter: Specifies by how much to randomize backoffs. Its default value is 0. It must be in range 0 to 1.

  • cluster_connect_timeout: Timeout value in seconds for the client to give up connecting to the cluster. Its default value is -1. The client will continuously try to connect by default.

A pseudo-code is as follows:

begin_time = get_current_time()
current_backoff = INITIAL_BACKOFF
while (try_connect(connection_timeout)) != SUCCESS) {
    if (get_current_time() - begin_time >= CLUSTER_CONNECT_TIMEOUT) {
        // Give up to connecting to the current cluster and switch to another if exists.
        // CLUSTER_CONNECT_TIMEOUT is infinite by default.
    sleep(current_backoff + uniform_random(-JITTER * current_backoff, JITTER * current_backoff))
    current_backoff = min(current_backoff * MULTIPLIER, MAX_BACKOFF)

Note that, try_connect above tries to connect to any member that the client knows, and for each connection we have a connection timeout; see the Setting Connection Timeout section.